Wearing a warm, bulky sweater while sipping a mug of tea is one of my favorite things to do when autumn arrives. Recently, I came to the realization that many of those sweaters are made entirely of acrylic fibers, which is something I was unaware of for a long time! If you're anything like me, you'll probably find yourself wondering, "What exactly is the acrylic fabric?"
A more budget-friendly alternative to wool is acrylic fabric, which is made of a synthetic material called acrylic. The percentage of acrylonitrile monomers found in acrylic fabric is significantly higher than that seen in other synthetic fabrics. Sweaters, stockings, and other apparel for cold weather are common examples of popular uses for acrylic fabric.
What Is Fabric Made of Acrylic?
Acrylic yarns are woven or knitted into a thick and warm cloth that is then referred to as acrylic fabric. Because of its exceptional ability to retain heat and act as an insulator, this fabric is frequently used for the linings of coats, sweaters, and athletic wear intended for use in colder environments. This fabric is frequently used as a more cost-effective substitute for wool.
During the course of World War II, the same company that pioneered nylon also developed acrylic. During that historical period, research on textiles had reached unprecedented heights, and many people believed that synthetic fabrics could one day completely replace natural cloth! During the 1950s, acrylic had a surge in popularity, despite the fact that its insulating properties meant that it was primarily utilized for the manufacture of cold-weather clothes.
In modern times, China and other Asian nations are responsible for the vast majority of acrylic manufacture. In spite of the fact that its position in retail clothes might be problematic at times, it is still a popular option for the clothing worn in cold weather today.
Is Acrylic a natural or a synthetic product?
Acrylic fabric is made up entirely of synthetic fibers; however, manufacturers will often combine it with natural fibers in order to offer the cloth extra qualities, such as increased breathability. This completely man-made substance frequently has the springy, plush, and toasty characteristics of wool. Having said that, acrylic fiber, much like the majority of polymers, is derived from petroleum.
Some people are leery of synthetic fibers due to concerns about their impact on the environment and their health. Because plastic does not biodegrade, the manufacture of acrylic poses an issue for environmental pollution.
Acrylic fabric is known for its exceptional warmth and insulating properties; yet, it has limited permeability. It is an extremely cost-effective alternative to wool and other natural fibers. Additionally, it has a lengthy lifespan and maintains its durability pretty well, despite the fact that it is prone to pilling.
This substance can also be derived from coal and petroleum. Plastic is used in its construction, so it is not a natural material in any way. In spite of this, it has a bouncy, smooth texture that is quite pleasing to the touch.
For instance, it thrives with only the most basic of care. You can toss it in the washing machine, but it should be turned inside out first. However, it is recommended that you dry sweaters by laying them out on a level surface rather than placing them in the dryer.
Additionally, acrylic dries rapidly and exhibits hydrophobic properties. The term "waterproof" cannot be used to describe it, but it also does not readily take on the properties of a sponge when exposed to liquid.
Because it does not allow air to pass through, wearing it can cause you to overheat extremely rapidly. This is a drawback. In addition to that, it has low resilience to heat and tends to pill easily. Last but not least, the fact that it is synthetic and manufactured in a way that is harmful to the environment is a source of widespread worry.